Our step-by-step guide teaches you the basics of HTML and how to build your first website. That means how to layout an HTML page, how to add text and. Welcome to HTML Basics. This workshop leads you through the basics of Hyper Text Markup Language. (HTML). HTML is the building block for web pages. No matter what your skill level, as long as you have a text editor and a browser you can learn the basics of HTML! With this book, you can get familiar with how.
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Many professional web designers who use complicated software packages first started out many years ago using Notepad; indeed, many professionals who have expensive pieces of software that should be time-savers still resort to using Notepad for many tasks. It also loads much more quickly than fully-featured web development programs.
Bells and whistles are definitely not featured. Tip: Shortcut to Notepad To save yourself navigating to this location each time you want to open Notepad, create a shortcut on your desktop. When you release the mouse button, a shortcut to the application will appear on your desktop.
Notepad is the most basic of applications, as you can see below.
Internet Explorer sits right there in the Start menu, also in the Programs folder accessed via All Programs from the Start menu , in the Quick Launch area bottom left of the Start menu, near the Windows logo , and a shortcut may also lurk on your desktop. These tools are virtually equivalent to the Windows programs mentioned above. Unlike Notepad, TextEdit works as a rich text editor by default, which means we can work with fonts, make text bold and italic, and so on.
The next time you create a new file in TextEdit, it will be a plain text document. You can usually find Safari in the dock the dock is the bar of icons at the bottom of your screen , but you can also access it through the Applications folder. To add a program to the dock, just drag its icon from the Applications folder onto the dock, and presto!
Writing start and end over and over is very tedious.
I want to make these words bold and these other words italic. Recently, there has been a move away from explicitly declaring typographical details like bold and italic and instead using the markup to convey the meaning, not just the look. I want to make these words stand out and to emphasize these words. HTML is, at its core, nothing more complicated than a set of defined markup tags. What is hypertext? Hypertext is a word that was invented in the s to describe documents that contain links that allow the reader to jump to other places in the document or to another document altogether.
These links, which we now take for granted in the modern web, were a big deal when computers were first coming into maturity.
HTML is used for almost all web pages. The web page you are reading right now uses HTML. It is the default language of websites. It can also be used for other types of documents, like ebooks.
HTML documents are rendered by a web browser the application you are using to read this page. HTML rendering hides all the tags, and changes the display of the rest of the content based on what those tags say it should look like.
However, sometimes those graphical editors dont work exactly the right way, and sometimes you will want to do something and not understand why you cant. Therefore, it is highly recommended that if you are going to be writing for the web, even just regular blog posts and announcements, that you get a good understanding of basic HTML concepts.
If you are interested in staying informed about how your website appears to non-human visitors, understanding HTML is an important skill. Similarly, website accessibility — the ability for a website to be navigated successfully by people with visual or other handicaps — is an increasingly important consideration.
The blind rely on computerized screen readers to translate web sites into sound, and the quality and structure of the underlying HTML document has a big impact on the ability of the screen reader to work properly.
Mostly, HTML is the common underlying language of the contemporary internet.
If you want to understand how the world works, it is a good idea to at least have some familiarity with HTML. It consists mainly of matching pairs of angle-bracketed tags, enclosing sections of human-meaningful text.
The tags, which are not displayed by web browsers, are used to provide information about how the text and page should be displayed. It covers how they work, some exceptions to the normal way they work, and a brief discussion on tag attributes. Structure of Tags Generally, matching pairs of tags surround the section of text which they affect.
The tag is an "a" for "anchor," and the href hyper reference attribute specifies where the link is pointing. The src attribute is used to specify the URL of the image.
This is not absolutely required, but it is a good reminder that whatever follows will not be enclosed. There are several other empty tags. Two are fairly straight forward and common. Others do not insert something visual, but are used to provide information about the page itself. Block-level vs.
Block elements Block elements represent rectangular blocks of content. They have an implied line break before and after. Inline elements Inline elements are elements used within text. This doesnt do a whole lot by itself, but can be used to create customized types of text-display, through the use of elements. However they are actually inline elements. The reason for this is mostly a hold-over from a less-sophisticated period of web design, but were stuck with it now.